Sourcing coffee involves learning a new language and a new set of abbreviations. Unfortunately there is not a universal classification system that covers all origins.
For Example SHG (Strictly High Grown) means slightly different things in different countries.
- SHG in Nicaragua means coffee grown between 1,500 – 2,000 metres
- SHG in Honduras means coffee grown between 1,500 – 1,800 metres
“Brazil Cerrado NY2 17/18 B FOR NAT JUTE”
If we look at the description above this will tell us a number of factors, however the description above as mentioned in not universal to all origins and all origins do not use all the classifications.
The country of origin is Brazil
The region within Brazil
This is the classification system from the New York Coffee & Sugar Exchange and is based on the number of defects found in a 300g sample – 2 Grade would have no more than 4 defects
The screen size, coffee varies in size and is passed through a series of different size sieves resulting in a percentage in each sieve. 17 = Bold Bean 18 = Large Bean – The higher the number the larger the bean.
This describes the Varietal in this instance B is for Bourbon. Bourbon is a mutation from Typica and was discovered on the island of Réunion – at that stage called Bourbon
This is the certification of the coffee. In this instance Fairtrade, Organic and Rainforest Alliance, this could also be described as triple certified.
Natural process has been used to process the coffee.
The coffee is packed in a Jute bag and coffee from Brazil normally comes in 60Kg